By Tsewang Norbu (Germany)
Second largest economy, only next to USA, China is the rising super power in world order, like it or not.
But China's rise is not how western observers brush it as, making the success story, a very new phenomena in Chinese history. China story on the other way date back to rich and more powerful past, beginning with first emperor, Qin Shi Huangdi. He boasted “his kindness reaches even oxen and horses and there is not a human who did not benefited from his rule." Chinese historian see his rule as golden age of order and justice. The economy of the Ming dynasty (1368-1644) of China was the largest in the world during that period. Four great invention: Papermaking, gunpowder, printing and the compass are inventions of ancient China, that had hugely impacted through out civilization of humankind, beginning from cognitive revolution.
How China looked today, perhaps is manifestation of her failure of last two hundred long years. With Qing dynasty failure in later part of its reign to vast control and modernise mechanism to govern because of Internal feud within ruling family, and nonetheless sudden and unprecedented advance of west. Both in economy terms and political sphere, to which Qing China fail to walk per with.
Therefore today in scenario, China being, only recently break out from western shackles. Developing country in world of far developed west. In era, where almost all major scientific and political development evolved in western side of world, be it accepted Communism or Multi party democracy, all trace western origin, though President Xi Jinping, in public accept one and renounce another being foreign with wit.
Observers and business community, those of them, whom had never seen fortune in last two hundred and plus years in China, and from whose collective mind rich Imperial China has disappeared, as distance memory. They being very certain its beginning of new happy story, declared ‘China a new coming superpowers, rather than revival of old power and economy order. Communist Party of China, the ruling party also is more comfortable with word New than Revival. Though not in any aspect, it govern like dynasty, based on family line, and legitimates itself with Mandate of Heaven. The Mandate of Heaven, like Western frameworks of rule by divine right. Instead legitimates itself in a way that is the polar opposite of the Mandate of Heaven. Still nonetheless frames the State as an embodiment of the Party subsiding with Emperor, seeks loyalty to Party instead of emperor and fly a flag inspired from Party.
Many sinologists believe, CCP is unwilling to accept it as revival on two terms. One, based on biased that Communist party is only liberator of Chinese people in wake of century of humiliation. Secondly, those dynasty, though may were far astonishing in the matter of record... but also were founded on bloodshed. Truth with even CCP is tainted, that with greater scale.
However, how immune CCP may claim from China's imperial past, all the soft language, CCP, employ to legitimize its rule are but a old Chinese Imperial political thinking, that suggest imperial period as golden age of order and justice, while composed a dreadful warning, in case of decline and possible dethrone of imperial order, how dark age of chaos and injustice will evolve from nowhere. CCP like another imperial on the run, issue same old message on so many occasion, that removal of CCP from power, in option to multi-party democracy will directly lead China to chaos and in hand of foreign power.
Under CCP, though for the first time in Chinese history there was a unified political structure, from the local to the national level. But CCP walk beyond national border to impose another national, few of them, like Tibetan, Uyghurs and Mongols doesn't share the same ethnic background, culture influence, political history, and collective idea of Chineseness at all. China's argument on defence is, one, In past all three of them, CCP claim, have fallen under subject of Chinese Imperial authority on different time, and on the other way, which are debatable on what extent. Secondly, based on another imperial believe that suggest, Mandate of heaven was bestowed not in order to exploit the world, but in order to educate humanity. This beautiful phrase was justification given, when Imperial army lead war expedition, killing all neighboring presumed barbarians whom the empire must bring benefits of cultural and economy. CCP, nonetheless is build up on such imagine order, that neighbouring were uneducated, miserable barbarians, whom the party must bring benefits of socialism and Chinese growth even in cost of human life.
To highlight, CCP official, throw statistics of all kind to show benefits of socialism in Tibet. It's part of believe, without considering, it's not so fair to compare, that in contemporary world between James Dean and Brad Pitt, though both are actor and come from same federation, “Hollywood". Very few may recognize James Dean, anymore. Whereas Brad Pitt is omnipresent.
Instead of benefit, to reflect opposite reality, Just months before, few days prior Tibetan national uprising, a Tibetan blogger had blogged, “on the ground CCP rules over Tibet, to civilize and pump moral is unjust, when Chinese success story had bankrupt the Chinese moral and cultural Bank, that issue high value on upright deeds than dollar and gold. And perhaps inspired by President Ronald Regan (Tear down the wall), he blogger from Sichuan province wrote on his another blog, “Tear down this invisible wall", on the policy of movement restrictions among Tibetan of outside TAR to travel Lhasa.
Another legacy CCP inherent from China's imperial past is Kowtow. During Qing dynasty, one issue facing foreign embassies to China was the act of prostration known as the kowtow. Foreign diplomats understood that kowtowing meant accepting the superiority of the Emperor of China over their own monarchs, an act which they found unacceptable. But Qing were rather successful on ground if you do not Kowtow, embassies will be not permitted to open in China.
In our recent collective memory, to demonstrate China's inherent imperial behavioral (kowtow), Mr Cameron is best example. He sparked fury in Beijing in 2013 by meeting the Dalai Lama. In subsequent, Beijing reacted with unofficial economy embargo. To calm down that Chinese fury and win over Beijing again, Mr. Cameron, flied two times to Beijing to show superiority of China, and being PM of country which century before imposed unequal treaties, now so willing to accept subordinate chair, giving great deal of performance to Chinese Boss, United Kingdom no longer, anymore stands firm on her principle of human rights and value.
Territorial dispute in South China Sea is another great reflection. If we microscope the whole issue, we find dispute among rival countries are many centuries old, for centuries rival wrangled over claim but why tension has steadily increased in recent years? Is it because China wants to create atmosphere of Kowtow threatening with military occupation. Smells like t is, with revival of China, which greatly entangled in glorious but blood-tainted Imperial past.